Archaeology in the Bologna Plain

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Since ancient times, the Bologna plain has been inhabited and crossed by numerous populations: among its fertile countryside and canals there are many traces of its long history, to be discovered in this itinerary that crosses lands still marked by the ancient Roman Centuriation.

  • Length
    24 hours
  • Interests
    Art & Culture
  • Target
  • First stop - Terramara of Anzola dell'Emilia Anzola dell'Emilia

    Our journey through the history of the Bolognese plain can only start from its origins. The Terramara of Anzola dell'Emilia, a Bronze Age village with a typical quadrangular shape and surrounded by a deep moat, dates back to about 3300 years ago.

    The Archaeological and Environmental Museum of Anzola is dedicated to the relics of this site and depicts, through artifacts and reconstructions, the daily life of a very well organized community, open to trade and commerce, with various productions which are quite refined.

  • Second stop - Museum of Villanovan Civilization Castenaso

    Our itinerary through the centuries moves to the hamlet of Villanova di Castenaso, where, between 1853 and 1856, the archaeologist Giovanni Gozzadini discovered and identified the traces of one of the main cultures of the first Italian Iron Age, which is called "Villanovian" and is considered the initial phase of the Etruscan civilization.

    Right in the place of the first findings stands the MUV - Museo della Civiltà Villanoviana, a remarkable collection that hosts the remains of a Villanovan necropolis, including the "Stele of the swords", very interesting for the complexity of the decoration in low relief that characterises it, but also funerary objects, bronze pottery and personal ornaments.

    The visit is completed by the life-size reconstruction of a Villanovan hut in the garden of the Museum.

  • Third stop - Museum of Claterna Ozzano dell’Emilia

    We continue along the Via Emilia, a communication road of immense importance since ancient times, up to Ozzano dell'Emilia.

    Here, an archaeological area of great interest reveals the ancient existence of the Roman city of Claterna, a settlement built in the 2nd century B.C. that was once equal to or bigger than Bononia (the ancient Bologna) and Forum Cornelii (nowadays, Imola), before disappearing mysteriously around the 6th century A.D.

    The singular history of the city and its characteristics are narrated through relics and reconstructions in the Museum of Claterna, which is located in the Palazzo della Cultura in Ozzano.

  • Fourth stop - Cippo di Sacerno Calderara di Reno

    The Roman era has left many traces in the Bolognese plain: some of them have been made evident by important findings, others only documented but of great fascination for the local populations.

    This is the case of the Cippo di Sacerno, a memorial stone that stands in the countryside of Calderara di Reno: a monument that celebrates the place where, according to the interpretation of some historical texts, the three Roman generals Octavian, Lepidus and Antony divided up the provinces in the dominion of Rome after the death of Julius Caesar, giving life to the Second Triumvirate.

    The very name of the place, Mezzomondo, which literally means "in the middle of the world," gives us an idea of the popular fascination with the place where these great Roman generals divided up -in actual fact- the world.

  • Fifth stop - Casa Frabboni Museum San Pietro in Casale

    For the last stop of the journey, we will move to San Pietro in Casale, where the permanent archaeological section "Pianura romana. Villa Vicus Via" brings together the archaeological relics of an area which was probably remarkably flourishing, especially in the Augustan age.

    At the center of the narration is the town of Maccaretolo, with its exceptional archaeological findings, but also rustic villas and agricultural settlements of the time. The exhibition is hosted in the Museo Casa Frabboni, recently reopened after renovation works.

Last update 13/04/2024

Information offices

Ufficio Relazioni con il pubblico di Castenaso
Piazza Bassi, 1 - Castenaso (BO)
+ 39 051 6059248
Ufficio Relazioni con il Pubblico di Ozzano dell'Emilia
Via della Repubblica, 10 - Ozzano dell'Emilia (BO)
+ 39 051 791376 + 39 051 791377
Ufficio Relazioni con il Pubblico di Calderara di Reno
Piazza Guglielmo Marconi, 7 - Calderara di Reno (BO)
+ 39 051 6461205
Ufficio Relazioni con il Pubblico di San Pietro in Casale
Via G. Matteotti, 154 - San Pietro in Casale (BO)
+ 39 051 6669556

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